One of the flaws of the standard model is its inability to explain the missing top quark mesons in the PDG tables. These mesons, which consist of a top quark and another antiquark, should have shown up in the experiments which were able to create the top quark, but were not observed. Where are they? Why have they never been found?
When physicists considered Comay’s suggestion that the new 125 GeV particle looks like a tt meson, they claimed that the top quark lifetime is shorter than 10-24 sec, which is too short for creating a top meson.
Even these physicists seem to admit, after a brief discussion, that such a claim is inconsistent with basic laws of quantum physics. This short lifetime of the top quark doesn’t cancel completely the possibility of a top meson creation – it only reduces the probability of such an event.
Here they are
Let’s estimate the mass of a top mesons. The top quark is by far the heaviest quark. Furthermore, a top meson mass should be less than the mass of the top quark, because the mass of such a meson is the mass of its free quarks minus the binding energy of these quarks. In the case of the well known light quarks, we can see that the mass reduction caused by the quarks binding energy can be much greater than the mass of the meson itself. For example, the mass of the pions is 135-140 MeV, and the mass of the rho meson, which is made of the same light quarks, is more than five times bigger. Therefore, we can assume that the mass reduction which is involved in the meson creation is extremely significant.
The mass of the top quark is 173 GeV. According to Comay’s perception, the W, Z and the CERN 125 GeV particle are the missing top mesons. None of them is elementary. In fact, W+ mesons are mixtures of several mesons of the top quark (td, ts and tb). Z is, according to Comay, a mixture of tu and tc mesons and the 125 GeV particle consists of tt mesons.
There are many indications that this perception is correct. The large number of W decay channels is an indication that the W is a superposition of several kinds of mesons. However, the most convincing argument is that W cannot be elementary, as Comay shows in a recent paper.
The W equations
Comay’s recent paper explores the fundamental properties of every elementary charged particle. It is known that the wave function of such particle must yield a 4-current that obeys the continuity equation, which the W equation indeed fulfills. However, there are additional conditions which must be fulfilled. These conditions contradict the W wave function, and therefore if the W is an elementary boson then its wave function is incorrect.
Note that this paper discusses only elementary charged particle, such as W+ and W- which are claimed to be elementary by the electroweak theory. The paper concludes that the W+ and W- wave function is incorrect. The paper goes on and suggests that W+ and W- are not elementary, and they are actually top mesons.
What are the elementary particles?
About a decade ago, after the publication of the strong evidence stating that the neutrino is a massive particle, nature seems to have a quite simple order:
- All the elementary massive particles are Dirac particles, which have spin-1/2. These are the 6 quarks, the 6 leptons and their antiparticles.
- The only massless particle, the photon, has spin-1. Here gluons are excluded because of the inconsistencies of QCD with many kinds of experimental data (see other parts of this site).
And indeed, until today, all the theories relying on wave functions of massive particles which are different than the Dirac equation, suffer from theoretical contradictions.
The new 125 GeV particle
LHC groups have recently found a new 125 GeV particle. Everyone agrees that:
- Such a particle really exists.
- The particle decays into 2 photons.
- A sharp 2 photon state can be generated only by a composite particle which consists of a charged elementary particle and its antiparticle.
Physicists claim that this new particle is the Higgs, and suggest that the Higgs decays in two steps: first, it decays virtually into a composite state of W+ and W- and only then the W+W- system decays into two photons.
However, this two step decay scheme is based on the assumption that W+ and W- are elementary particles. If W+ and W- are not elementary, then the bound particle W+W- cannot disintegrate into a pure state of two photons but into two photons + other particle(s).
Therefore, the virtual decay of the 125 GeV particle into W+W- cannot explain the quite sharp two photon state measured in the LHC.
And we are left with tt, as the only reasonable candidate for the new 125 GeV particle.